9 abr. 2017

Muro de Trump es una farsa.- NYT

Nueva York, Estados Unidos (09 abril 2017).-
El muro que pretende construir el Presidente estadounidense, Donald Trump, es un señuelo, una falsificación y una mentira, afirmó hoy el diario The New York Times.
"Es una lástima que muchas preguntas no fueron consideradas antes de que el muro empezara a tomar forma. Ha sido un viaje notable para una idea errónea que comenzó como una línea de aplausos, como admitió en un momento Trump ante este diario", destacó el periódico en uno de sus editoriales.
El diario estadounidense citó una declaración contradictoria y confusa del mismo Trump en el que se pronuncia por un muro similar al de Israel. Primero declara que funciona y después se desdice.
"Si usted está confundido, es probablemente su culpa, porque usted no es Donald Trump, maestro constructor; (es el) Presidente de Estados Unidos y fuente de la cita anterior, de una entrevista con el consejo editorial del Times antes de la elección", refirió.
"Trump siempre ha dicho cosas como esta, cosas que son contradictorias o falsas o impresionantes sin sentido. No importaba tanto cuando era sólo un tipo rico al que le gustaba compartir sus opiniones con el mundo de la misma manera que algunas personas hablan en la televisión", anotó.
"Pero ahora está en la Oficina Oval, y las cosas que dice son tratadas de manera diferente. Las cosas se refugian en su cerebro y salen de su boca y alimentan a Twitter, y antes de que usted lo sepa, el Gobierno federal está tomando las propuestas para el gran muro fronterizo del señor Trump con México", dijo el diario.
"Cientos de empresas están expresando interés, preparando de diseños. Los finalistas serán anunciados en junio. Entonces se construirán prototipos. Parece seguro que millones o miles de millones de dólares serán desperdiciados", advirtió el NYT.
El hombre a cargo del muro por ahora es John Kelly, el Secretario de Seguridad Nacional.
"El señor Kelly no cree que sólo un muro sea la mejor manera de asegurar la patria. Dijo en su audiencia de confirmación que una barrera física en sí misma no hará el trabajo", recordó.
Kelly dijo que la defensa de la frontera suroeste realmente comienza a unas mil 500 millas al sur, es decir, al ayudar a América Central a enfrentar las causas fundamentales del contrabando de drogas y la migración.
Tampoco cree que erigir un muro como lo describe el Presidente Trump es posible. En declaraciones al Comité de Seguridad Nacional del Senado, el miércoles, expresó que es improbable que construyan un muro o una barrera física de mar a mar.
"¿Cómo construir un muro a lo largo de los mil 200 kilómetros del río Grande (río Bravo), el tramo de Texas de la frontera? ¿Lo ponen a nuestro lado y abandonan el río a México, o se apoderan del territorio mexicano, o lo ponen en medio del río, o hacen algún compromiso en zigzag? ¿Qué hace usted entonces sobre un tratado que requiere que ambos países tengan acceso abierto al río?", preguntó el Times.
"¿Cómo se trata con los propietarios privados? ¿Qué pasa con los indios Tohono O'odham, cuya reserva se extiende a lo largo de la frontera en Arizona y que no quieren ninguna parte de un muro en su tierra sagrada?
"¿Qué sucede cuando partes de la gran muralla se convierten en una gran represa, atrapando las aguas y los escombros, y colapsando? ¿Cómo se superan los túneles profundos, drones y catapultas?, ¿Qué pasa con las toneladas de drogas que pasan por los puertos existentes?, ¿Sabía que los cárteles de la droga tienen barcos y submarinos?
"¿Cómo evitas causar más muertes cuando una frontera parcialmente amurallada envía a migrantes a zonas más remotas y mortales de desierto? ¿Se da cuenta de que una pared atraparía a millones de inmigrantes no autorizados en Estados Unidos? ¿O que un gran porcentaje de ellos vienen legalmente, a través de puertos de entrada, con visas válidas, y nunca se acercan a la frontera?", cuestionó el diario.

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The Opinion Pages | EDITORIAL
Up Against the Wall
By THE EDITORIAL BOARDAPRIL 8, 2017
A. By the way, if you want to know if a wall works, just ask Israel. Israel built a wall and it works.
Q. And they heave rockets over it.
A. Yeah, I know. Well, no. Now they’re doing the rockets, yeah. That’s a — they have a — they have a different — they probably have a bigger — they have a different kind of a problem. You have to build a real wall. They don’t have a real wall right now. They don’t have a wall that works.
Did you get that?
1. There’s a wall in Israel and it works.
2. But it doesn’t work.
If you are confused, it’s probably your fault, because you are not Donald Trump, master builder, president of the United States and source of the quotation above, from an interview with The Times’s editorial board before the election.

Mr. Trump has always said stuff like this, things that are self-contradictory or untrue or breathtakingly mindless. It didn’t matter so much back when he was just a rich guy who liked to share his opinions with the world the way some people talk at the TV.

But now he is in the Oval Office, and the stuff he says is treated differently. A lot of it blows away, but some stuff actually happens. Things roost in his brain and come out of his mouth and Twitter feed, and before you know it, the federal government is taking proposals for Mr. Trump’s great border wall with Mexico. Hundreds of companies are expressing interest, preparing designs, creating renderings. Finalists are to be announced in June. Prototypes will then be built. It seems certain that millions or billions of dollars will be wasted, and miles of desert despoiled, before somebody someday pulls the plug.

The man in charge of the wall for now is John Kelly, the secretary of homeland security. Mr. Kelly does not think a wall alone is the best way to secure the homeland. He said at his confirmation hearing that a “physical barrier in and of itself will not do the job.” He added, “I believe the defense of the southwest border really starts about 1,500 miles south” — that is, in helping Central America tackle the root causes of drug smuggling and migration. Nor does he think that erecting a wall as Mr. Trump describes it is even possible. Speaking to the Senate Homeland Security Committee on Wednesday, he said, “It’s unlikely that we will build a wall or physical barrier from sea to shining sea.”

But Mr. Kelly is no longer an independent retired general. He is now on Team Trump, and no matter what obstacles are imposed by reality — by topography, by physics, by Congress and by the budget process — a big, beautiful wall is what the boss wants.

Customs and Border Protection specifications say the wall must be concrete or some other material, preferably about 30 feet high but no less than 18 feet, “physically imposing,” “aesthetically pleasing,” impervious to tunneling to a depth of six feet and tough enough to repel a sledgehammer, pickax, acetylene torch or similar tool for at least an hour.

Those are tough requirements for a project whose very rationale collapses under the pressure of a few minutes’ thought. The libertarians at Reason magazine have a fine summation of why the wall won’t work. If only Mr. Trump would read it, or ponder these questions:

How do you build a wall along the 1,200 miles of the Rio Grande, the Texas stretch of border? Do you put it on our side and abandon the river to Mexico, or seize Mexican territory for it, or put it in the middle of the river, or do some zigzag compromise? What do you do then about a treaty requiring that both countries have open access to the river?

How do you make a concrete wall see-through, so smugglers aren’t invisible to the Border Patrol?

How do you get private landowners to go along? What about the Tohono O’odham Indians, whose reservation straddles the border in Arizona and who want no part of any wall on their sacred land?

What happens when parts of the great wall become a great dam, trapping floodwaters and debris, and collapse?

How do you wall out deep tunnels, drones and catapults? What about the tons of drugs that pass through existing ports? Did you know that drug cartels have ships and submarines? What happens when drug bales start coming ashore in San Diego, or over from Saskatchewan?

Not that you care, but how do you build a wall that doesn’t scar fragile wilderness and destroy wildlife?

How do you avoid causing more human deaths when a partly walled border sends migrants to more remote and deadly stretches of desert?

Do you realize that a wall would trap millions of unauthorized immigrants in the United States? Or that a large percentage of them come here legally, through ports of entry, with valid visas, and never go near the border?

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“If my speeches ever get a little off,” he said, “I just go: ‘We will build a wall!’ You know, if it gets a little boring, if I see people starting to sort of maybe thinking about leaving — I can sort of tell the audience — I just say, ‘We will build the wall,’ and they go nuts. ‘And Mexico will pay for the wall!’ But — ah, but I mean it. But I mean it.”

In other words:

1. The wall is a decoy, a fake, a lie.

2. But he means it.

Did you get that?


A version of this editorial appears in print on April 9, 2017, on Page SR8 of the New York edition with the headline: Up Against the Wall. Today's Paper|Subscribe

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