20 jun. 2018

inmoral separar a niños de sus padres: papa Francisco

Papa Francisco‏@Pontifex_es
La dignidad de una persona no depende de que sea ciudadano, migrante o refugiado. Salvar la vida de quien escapa de la guerra y de la miseria es un acto de humanidad. #WithRefugees @M_RSeccion6:30 - 20 jun. 2018#@Pontifex_esEncontramos a Jesús en el pobre, el descartado, el refugiado. ¡No dejemos que el miedo nos impida acoger al prójimo necesitado! #WithRefugees @M_RSeccion4:30 - 20 jun. 2018
Phil Pullella entrevista en exclusiva al papa Francisco; la reunión fue el domingo por la noche..
La entrevista se difunde hoy (abajo en ingles).
Separar a niños de sus padres, como sucede con los migrantes en la frontera con México, "es inmoral", dijo el papa Francisco..
El papa criticó fuertemente la política del Gobierno de Trump de separar familias en la frontera con México, afirmando que el populismo no es la respuesta a los problemas de inmigración en el mundo.
El Pontífice dijo que apoya las declaraciones recientes de los obispos católicos de Estados Unidos que calificaron la separación de niños de sus padres por ser contraria a "nuestros valores católicos" e inmoral.
Además, los obispos católicos de Estados Unidos se han unido a otros líderes religiosos en ese país para condenar la medida.
"Estoy del lado de la conferencia de los obispos", dijo el Papa..
Ayer el Presidente de la Conferencia de Obispos de EU, Cardenal y arzobispo de Galveston-Houston, Daniel DiNardo, criticó de nuevo al Gobierno de Donald Trump por adoptar políticas de asilo demasiado estrictas, una de las cuales separa a los niños de sus padres cuando cruzan ilegalmente la frontera desde México.


Días antes los obispos se habían manifestado duramente en contra  de la decisión  -Interim Decision #3929- del Fiscal General Jeff Sessions, emitida el 11 de junio que establece que la violencia doméstica y de pandillas ya no justifican la solicitud de asilo en EU, a menos que haya evidencia de persecución por parte del Gobierno del país de origen. (Vease..https://www.justice.gov/eoir/page/file/1070866/download)

"No es fácil, pero el populismo no es la solución", dijo Francisco.
Los comentarios de Francisco se suman a las presiones sobre Trump por su política en materia de inmigración, que recuerda a la oleada de rechazo que hay en Europa Occidental por la entrada de grandes números de migrantes y solicitantes de asilo, que escapan en su mayoría de los conflictos bélicos y la pobreza en Medio Oriente y África.
México también se sumó
Ayer martes 19 de junio, Luis Videgaray condenó  la nueva política de “tolerancia cero” de Trump y la calificó de cruel, inhumana y violatoria de los derechos humanos.
Videgaray dijo que de acuerdo a información proporcionada por el gobierno de EU han  identificado un total de 21 casos de niños mexicanos que fueron separados de sus padres, los demás son de padres centroamericanos...
Francisco declaró al vaticanista de Reuters que los populistas están creando psicosis con la inmigración, incluso cuando las sociedades que envejecen como Europa se enfrentan a un gran invierno demográfico y necesitan más inmigrantes.
"Sin inmigración", agregó, "Europa se vaciará".
También se refirió al caso de la embarcación “Aquarius”, de la que se ocupan dos asociaciones de ayuda humanitaria y que fue obligada a desembarcar en Valencia para dejar a los 629 migrantes que había salvado en el Mediterráneo porque el gobierno italiano negó el acceso a los puertos
El barco humanitario Aquarius se vio obligado a viajar hasta España el fin de semana para desembarcar a los  inmigrantes.
El Ministro del Interior italiano, Matteo Salvini, quien también es líder de la ultraderechista Liga, ha criticado al Papa, y en una ocasión declaró que el Pontífice debería llevarse a los inmigrantes al Vaticano si está tan preocupado por ellos.
"Pienso que no puedes rechazar a la gente que llega. Tienes que recibirlos, ayudarlos, cuidarlos, acompañarlos y luego ver dónde establecerlos, pero en toda Europa", dijo Francisco a Reuters.
"Algunos gobiernos están trabajando en ello, y la gente tiene que ser instalada de la mejor manera posible, pero crear psicosis no es la cura.
"El populismo no resuelve las cosas. Lo que resuelve las cosas es la aceptación, el estudio y la prudencia".
En la entrevista con la agencia Reuters, el Pontífice abordó otros temas...
Se refirió a la oposición dentro de la Iglesia, de carácter conservador, explicando que él reza por los que dicen "cosas feas" en su contra. Dijo que el futuro de la Iglesia católica está en la calle y aseguró que quiere nombrar a otras mujeres como encargadas de las oficinas de la Santa Sede, porque las mujeres son más capaces de resolver conflictos, aunque esto no debe llevar al "machismo en falda".
Pero excluyó la posibilidad de la ordenación sacerdotal de las mujeres: "Juan Pablo II fue claro y cerró la puerta, y yo no vuelvo sobre esto. Era una cosa seria", dijo..
Al final, con respecto a su estado de salud, comentó que se encuentra bien, a pesar del dolor en las piernas provocado por sus achaques en la espalda. Empero, insistió en que tarde o temprano podría renunciar por razones de salud, como hizo su predecesor Benedicto XVI en 2013, pero subrayó: "En este momento, no me pasa por la mente"..
Todavía falta....
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WORLD NEWSJUNE 20, 2018 /
Exclusive: Pope criticizes Trump administration policy on migrant family separation
Philip Pullella
Reuters
VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - Pope Francis has criticized the Trump administration’s policy of separating migrant families at the Mexican border, saying populism is not the answer to the world’s immigration problems.

Speaking to Reuters, the Pope said he supported recent statements by U.S. Catholic bishops who called the separation of children from their parents “contrary to our Catholic values” and “immoral”.
“It’s not easy, but populism is not the solution,” Francis said on Sunday night.
In a rare, wide-ranging interview, the pope said he was optimistic about talks that may lead to a historic agreement over the appointment of bishops in China, and said he may accept more bishops’ resignations over a sexual abuse scandal in Chile.
Reflecting at his Vatican residence on his five years as pope, he defended his leadership of the Roman Catholic Church against criticism by conservatives inside and outside the Church who say his interpretation of its teachings is too liberal.
He also said he wanted to appoint more women to top positions in the Vatican administration.
One of his most pointed messages concerned President Donald Trump’s zero-tolerance immigration policy, in which U.S. authorities plan to criminally prosecute all immigrants caught crossing the Mexican border illegally, holding adults in jail while their children are sent to government shelters.
The policy has caused an outcry in the United States and has been condemned abroad as videos emerged of youngsters held in concrete-floored enclosures and an audio of wailing children went viral.
U.S. Catholic bishops have joined other religious leaders in the United States in condemning the policy.
“I am on the side of the bishops’ conference,” the pope said, referring to two statements from U.S. bishops this month.

“Let it be clear that in these things, I respect (the position of) the bishops conference.”

Francis’ comments add to the pressure on Trump over immigration policy. The pope heads a church which has 1.3 billion members worldwide and is the largest Christian denomination in the United States.

The president has strongly defended his administration’s actions and cast blame for the family separations on Democrats.

“Democrats are the problem,” Trump said on Twitter on Tuesday. “They don’t care about crime and want illegal immigrants.”

The U.S. crackdown chimes with a new political mood sweeping western Europe over the large numbers of migrants and asylum-seekers, most of them escaping conflict and poverty in the Middle East and Africa.

The pope said populists were “creating psychosis” on the issue of immigration, even as aging societies like Europe faced “a great demographic winter” and needed more immigrants.

Without immigration, he added, Europe “will become empty.”

CHURCH’S FUTURE “ON THE STREET”

Since assuming the papacy in 2013, Francis has promoted a liberal interpretation of Catholic teachings at a time when politics in many parts of the West have shifted toward economic nationalism.

He has faced internal opposition from conservative clergy who oppose his liberal interpretations, especially his approach to sexuality and showing mercy toward divorced Catholics. But the pope said he prayed for conservatives who sometimes said “nasty things” about him.

Defending his leadership, the 81-year-old Argentine pontiff said the future of the Catholic Church was “on the street”.

He said he wanted to appoint more women to head Vatican departments because they were better at resolving conflicts, though this should not lead to what he called “masculinism in a skirt”.

The pope said his health was good apart from leg pain related to a back condition. He reiterated comments first made shortly after his election that he may someday resign for reasons of health as his predecessor, Pope Benedict, did in 2013, but said: “Right now, I am not even thinking about it.”

He spoke at length about immigration, a controversial issue in Europe as well as the United States. The populist Italian government has refused port access to non-government ships that have been rescuing asylum-seekers trying to cross to Italy from Africa in flimsy boats.

One ship was forced to disembark more than 600 migrants in Spain at the weekend.

Italy’s interior minister, Matteo Salvini, who is also leader of the far-right-wing League party, has criticized the pope in the past, once saying the pontiff should take in migrants in the Vatican if he was so concerned about them.

“I believe that you cannot reject people who arrive. You have to receive them, help them, look after them, accompany them and then see where to put them, but throughout all of Europe,” Francis said.

“Some governments are working on it, and people have to be settled in the best possible way, but creating psychosis is not the cure,” he added. “Populism does not resolve things. What resolves things is acceptance, study, prudence.”

SOME STRUGGLES AND TOUGH DECISIONS

Francis said he was saddened by Trump’s decision last year to implement new restrictions on American travel and trade with Cuba. The move rolled back his predecessor President Barack Obama’s opening to the island nation. That deal, which the Vatican helped broker, “was a good step forward”, the pope said.

He also said Trump’s decision to pull out of the Paris agreement to curb climate change caused him “a bit of pain because the future of humanity is at stake”. The pope said he hoped Trump would re-think his position.

Rejecting criticism that he is at risk of selling out Chinese Catholics loyal to the Vatican, Francis said talks to resolve a dispute over the appointment of bishops in China – an obstacle to resuming diplomatic ties – were “at a good point”.

The pope has accepted the resignations of three bishops in Chile over the sexual abuse scandal there and allegations that it was covered up. He said he could accept more resignations but did not say which bishop or bishops he had in mind.

The pope also commented on internal criticism of his papacy by conservatives, led by American Cardinal Raymond Leo Burke.

In 2016, Burke and three other cardinals issued a rare public challenge to Francis over some of his teachings in a major document on the family, accusing him of sowing disorientation and confusion on important moral issues.

Francis said he had heard about the cardinals’ letter criticizing him “from the newspapers ... a way of doing things that is, let’s say, not ecclesial, but we all make mistakes”.

He borrowed the analogy of a late Italian cardinal who likened the Church to a flowing river, with room for different views. “We have to be respectful and tolerant, and if someone is in the river, let’s move forward,” he said.

He said reform of the Vatican administration, the Curia, was going well “but we have to work more”. The pope once criticized Curia careerists as having “spiritual Alzheimer’s”.

Francis said he was mostly happy about reforms enacted to make once-scandalous Vatican finances more transparent. The Vatican bank, which closed hundreds of suspicious or dormant accounts, “now works well”, he said.

“There have been some struggles and I have had to make some strong decisions,” he said.

(Reuters will be releasing more on the pope’s interview throughout the day.)
Editing by Mark Bendeich and Timothy Heritage
Our Standards:The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

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